Alpha-2 Antiplasmin (A2AP)/Serpin F2 (Human) ELISA Kit
α2-antiplasmin (α2AP) inhibits the activity of plasmin and reduces endogenous fibrinolysis in ischemic stroke. This promotes microvascular thrombosis in the ischemic penumbra and leads to infarct expansion. tPA indicates tissue-type plasminogen activator.
Plasma levels of soluble fibroblast activation protein in arterial thrombosis: determinants and cleavage of its substrate alpha-2-antiplasmin.
Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is a transmembrane glycoprotein with dipeptidyl-peptidase and endopeptidase activities and circulates in blood in a truncated, soluble form (sFAP). Fibrinolysis inhibitor α2-antiplasmin (α2AP) has been described as a potential in vivo substrate of sFAP. We aimed to investigate sFAP levels and α2AP cleavage in young arterial thrombosis patients and in control individuals, study the correlation between sFAP levels and α2AP cleavage and investigate determinants of these variables.
sFAP levels and α2AP cleavage were determined by ELISA in the plasma samples of 391 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, 221 ischemic stroke patients, 51 peripheral arterial disease patients and 501 control individuals.
Median sFAP levels were similar in arterial thrombotic patients and in control individuals, but in CHD patients sFAP levels significantly increased with time (number of months) between the event and study inclusion (Spearman's rho: 0.209, p<0.001), indicating reduced sFAP levels at time of event. sFAP levels and percentage α2AP cleavage significantly correlated in controls and in patients. Furthermore, sex, use of oral contraceptives and hyperlipidemia were significant determinants of sFAP levels.
sFAP levels were reduced in the CHD patient population, but only in the first months after the event, indicating that over time sFAP levels may normalize.
The significant correlation between sFAP level and α2AP cleavage indicates that in vivo sFAP (at least partly) regulates cleavage of α2AP, irrespective of disease status. Differences in sFAP level due to sex, use of oral contraceptives and hyperlipidemia might suggest hormonal control of sFAP levels.
Uitte de Willige S,et al. Int J Cardiol. 2015 Jan 15;178:105-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.10.091. Epub 2014 Oct 22.
Standard range: 31-2000 pg/ml
Sensitivity: 10 pg/ml
Sample type: serum or EDTA plasma
Dilution factor: 50000
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